Culture

The crusades

War in the name of the “faith”?

“Who does not know the past is made repeat them!” Many know this sentence which comes from the American philosopher George Santayana.

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George Santayana

Indeed, this quotation refers not only to the countries of it were concerned separate on all countries.

At the moment the world is in the different crises which demand our action: the refugee crisis, international terrorism, and depression. Many say that the past is over and we cannot learn from history, but can that really be true, can we not learn from history, so that cruel things never happen again? I would like to outline my theory: At the moment everyone is talking about the religious war of the Islam, specifically ISIS or as in some part of the world known as Daesh. Did not also the Christians start religious wars? Think about the North Ireland conflict, where over  30 years (1969-1998) Catholic and Protestants fought against each other.

Bürgerkrieg Nordirland 1973 © Holger Rüdel www.momente-der-natur.de

In the Bogside, to the Catholic part of town of Derry/Londonderry: Scene on the edge of a demonstration of Sinn Fein, the political arm of the IRA. Scene of the events is the „Free of Derry Corner“. In January, 1969 was written there the slogan „You ares now duck’s ring Free Derry“ on a gable wall.

But I would like to take you a further back to  the year 1095, the year in which Pope Urban II called for the first crusade. Picture 5A reason for it was that one wanted to release the holy Christian towns, especially Jerusalem! Jerusalem was at the time in the possession of the Seljuk, which left Christian pilgrims widely undisturbed what questions the sense of the crusade. The Popes appeal never the less succeeded–numerous believers felt appealed to the so-called “Holy War” and a religious enthusiasm was under way in Western Europe. But not only here in the for so many faith  “Holy Land”  the religious war was taking place, but also in Europe. For example, several Jewish municipalities were properly destroyed in Rhineland by Christians. The participants of the crusade hoped by their participation not only for the soul welfare, but also for new land for their families. The first army under the rule of popular preachers like Peter the Hermit was also called the people Crusade, a group mainly poor people.

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This crusades fell to a Turkish  ambush in the city of Civetot. In the same year a far better organized army with French, Lotharingia and Lorraine knights began the real first crusade. In 1099 the army reached Jerusalem and takes took over the town. What followed was  a literal bloodbath, to which numerous Muslim and Jewish inhabitants, under them many children and women, became victim. Picture 3After Jerusalem was Christian hand, the crusaders exclaimed in the  year 1100 the kingdom Jerusalem. Other towns joined the crusader’s states. With Edessa, Antiochia and Tripoli three more cities. Picture 13.jpg

When Edessa was conquered in 1144 by a Muslim army, Pope Eugene III appealed for the second crusade. But on account of the bad planning the crusade ended 5 years later and Edessa remained in Muslim hand.

But the situation for the Moslems in Jerusalem wasn’t that better. In 1187 the legendary sultan Saladin succeeded to bring the holy town under his control what entailed Pope Gregor VIII to call out the third crusade which followed under the rule of King Philipp II of France, the English ruler Richard I the Lionheart and Roman-German Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa. However, Barbarossa died on the way to the Holy Land, and also his comrades-in-arms do not reach Jerusalem. Richard I the Lionheart negotiated a ceasefire with Saladin.

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After 1270 another four crusades left for the Middle East, however, without success. Only emperor Friedrich II succeeded during the fifth crusade once again in winning Jerusalem for the Christians. In a peace treaty with the Egyptian Sultan al-Kamil in the  year 1229 large parts of Jerusalem were awarded to the Christians for ten years.
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The common characteristics between at that time and today jump directly in the eye. Isis  takes the religion as a reason for the war against the western culture, but also against, in their eyes Unbelievers. However, the real aspect is, that Isis is interested in power.

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It is financed by countries or by robbery, or kidnapping. A “Holy war” as some so-called preachers proclaim. But a war of this kind is no war in the name of the religion, it is a war in the name of the interest of a few people. No Koran, no bible, no Tora  allow wars against human beings.

This is my last article. Thank you for your attention, dear reader. I wish everybody all the best and may peace one day be everywhere in the world. The only solution can be RESPECT!

Dominik Daniel

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Categories: Culture, English

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